Stanley Foundation Analysis of PIPA Poll on Iraqi Attitudes (36.5KB)
January 2006

A poll carried out by the Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA) and sponsored by the Stanley Foundation and the Rockefeller Brothers Fund surveyed more than 1100 Iraqis of diverse ethnic backgrounds on their opinions about the current state of their country, their feelings toward the United States, and their perspective on the role of the international community. An analysis by Michael Kraig shows that, among other conclusions, there is room for external mediation on sensitive issues by multilateral institutions and agencies. The full PIPA poll results and the questionnaire and methodology are available at

Forging a New Security Order for the Persian Gulf (150KB)
January 2006

Past approaches to Persian Gulf security have failed. New approaches and policies must be considered and given equal weight as the status quo. This brief lays out the parameters for more effective multilateral security policies within the region.

Realistic Solutions for Resolving the Iranian Nuclear Crisis (80KB)
April 2005

International policy options for the Iranian nuclear crisis do not exist in a vacuum. Desired US national security goals and global nonproliferation goals will be impossible to fulfill if the interests, perceptions, fears, and ambitions of the "target state", Iran, are not duly considered and incorporated into US decision-making. The first section of this brief outlines three Iranian perceptions and domestic realities with potentially decisive impacts on the success or failure of Western policy strategies, followed by five concrete policy recommendations for the United States and its friends and allies.

This Policy Brief is based on numerous Track-2 and Track 1-1/2 dialogues with both reformist and conservative Iranian officials/analysts in the period 1999 through May 2004, as well as personal research by the author.